By John S. Gilkeson
This booklet examines the intersection of cultural anthropology and American cultural nationalism from 1886, whilst Franz Boas left Germany for the USA, until eventually 1965, whilst the nationwide Endowment for the arts was once tested. 5 chapters hint the advance inside educational anthropology of the ideas of tradition, social classification, nationwide personality, worth, and civilization, and their dissemination to non-anthropologists. As americans got here to consider tradition anthropologically, as a "complex complete" some distance broader and extra inclusive than Matthew Arnold's "the most sensible which has been suggestion and said," so, too, did they arrive to work out American groups as stratified into social periods unique through their subcultures; to characteristic the making of the yankee personality to socialization instead of beginning; to find the individuality of yankee tradition in its subconscious canons of selection; and to view American tradition and civilization in an international point of view.
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Extra info for Anthropologists and the Rediscovery of America, 1886-1965
The reorientation of American literature, however, took longer. ’’ Although American literature was taken as a measure of 31 32 Harold E. Stearns, preface to Civilization in the United States: An Inquiry by Thirty Americans, ed. Harold E. , New York: Penguin, 1976), 74–79. Andre´ Siegfried, America Comes of Age: A French Analysis (1927), quoted in ‘‘European vs. American Culture,’’ New Republic, 6 July 1927, 161–162; Johan Huizinga, ‘‘Life and Thought in America: Stray Remarks,’’ in America: A Dutch Historian’s Vision, from Afar and Near, trans.
Boas, Franz,’’ Dictionary of American Biography. Supplement Three, 1941–1945, ed. Edward T. James et al. (New York: Scribner, 1973), 81–86. George W. , ‘‘From Physics to Ethnography,’’ in Race, Culture, and Evolution, 133–160; Cole, Franz Boas, 63–82. 48 In emigrating to the United States, Boas unwittingly condemned himself to nine years as a gypsy scholar. While serving as a geographical editor for Science magazine from 1887 until 1889, he learned that his German conception of geography as a human science differed from the prevailing American conception of geography, which Harvard’s William Morris Davis had defined along geomorphological lines.
B. ’’ Although he admitted in Van Norden’s magazine in 1907 that the ‘‘somewhat larger size of the white brain’’ could result in ‘‘a slightly greater ability’’ in white intelligence, Boas insisted that there was no relation between brain size and mental capacity. 55 In 1911, Boas synthesized his heterodox views on race, language, and culture in three seminal publications. S. Immigration Commission from 1908 until 1910. His discovery that the ‘‘head forms,’’ or shapes of the heads, of American-born children varied from those of their parents and their foreign-born siblings, and that variations correlated with length of residence in America, suggested the ‘‘relative plasticity’’ of ‘‘physical type’’ (or race) owing to environmental influence.