By Professor Mark Hendrickson
As soon as seen as a special period characterised by means of excessive bigotry, nostalgia for easier occasions, and a revulsion opposed to energetic govt, the Nineteen Twenties were rediscovered via historians in contemporary many years as a time whilst Herbert Hoover and his allies labored to noticeably reform monetary coverage. In American hard work and monetary Citizenship, Mark Hendrickson either augments and amends this view via learning the origins and improvement of latest period coverage services and information. Policy-oriented social scientists in govt, exchange union, educational, and nonprofit enterprises confirmed how equipment for reaching strong financial development via elevated productiveness may perhaps either defang the feared company cycle and defuse the development of opposed classification kinfolk that Gilded Age depressions had helped to set as an American method of commercial kinfolk. associated by way of rising associations resembling the Social technological know-how examine Council, the nationwide city League, and the Women's Bureau, social investigators attacked rampant sexual and racial discrimination, usually justified through wrong organic arguments, that denied girl and minority employees complete financial citizenship within the place of work and the polity. those students proven that those practices not just constrained productiveness and undercut extended intake, but additionally belied the claims for equity that needs to buttress coverage visions in a democracy.
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Extra info for American Labor and Economic Citizenship: New Capitalism from World War I to the Great Depression
Thus here, as in other instances during the decade, the nonprofit setting allowed for the avoidance of confrontation, court intervention, and attempts at federal government enforcement of standards that would likely have transgressed the Lochner rule. In doing so, they transformed the issue of the workday in the steel industry from a private concern decided between employer and employee to a civic concern settled through inquiry and deliberation by labor experts and policy makers, whose investigations cultivated public support and convinced industry of the efficacy of the shorter workday.
Along these same lines, even when issues were spun off from the government to the nonprofit sector, these were not clean breaks. 44 Alchon, The Invisible Hand of Planning; Ellis W. Hawley, “Herbert Hoover, the Commerce Secretariat, and the Vision of an ‘Associative State,’ 1921–1928,” JAH 61 (1974): 116– 40; Judith Sealander, Private Wealth and Public Life: Foundation Philanthropy and Reshaping of America Social Policy from the Progressive Era to the New Deal (Baltimore: 44 26 American Labor and Economic Citizenship This new approach to capitalism and managing the economy was reflected in the expansion of the range of economic issues that shifted from the private to the public domain.
Also see Brinkley, End of Reform and Brian Balogh, A Government Out of Sight: The Mystery of National Authority in Nineteenth Century America (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009). Introduction 29 recognized the centrality of workers as both laborers and consumers, which stands in marked contrast to the relative absence of labor in the corporate liberal analysis. Not everyone, of course, embraced the voluntary corporatist ideology. 48 The work of the WB, NUL, Mary van Kleeck, Paul Douglas, and John Maurice Clark should be understood as part of a longer statist liberal tradition with deep roots in the late nineteenth century.