By Theodor W. Adorno
This vintage publication via Theodor W. Adorno anticipates a number of the topics that experience due to the fact that turn into universal in modern philosophy: the critique of foundationalism, the illusions of idealism and the tip of epistemology. It additionally foreshadows a few of the key principles that have been built via Adorno in his most crucial philosophical works, together with destructive Dialectics.
Against Epistemology is predicated on a manuscript Adorno initially wrote in Oxford in 1934-37 in the course of his first years in exile and hence transformed in Frankfurt in 1955-56. The textual content used to be written as a critique of Husserl’s phenomenology, however the critique of phenomenology is used because the party for a much wider critique of epistemology. Adorno defined this as a ‘metacritique’ which blends jointly the research of Husserl’s phenomenology because the such a lot complex example of the decay of bourgeois idealism with an immanent critique of the tensions and contradictions inner to Husserl’s suggestion. the result's a robust textual content which continues to be some of the most devastating evaluations of Husserl’s paintings ever written and which heralded a few of the rules that experience develop into normal in modern philosophy.
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Extra info for Against Epistemology: A Metacritique
The new ontology returns peni tently to the beginning of Hegel’s Logic and expires in the abstract identity with which the whole game began. INTRODUCTION Illusory Concretization and Formalism Ever since Scheler’s book on Kantian ethics, epistemological and systematic formalism have been in disfavour. In its place, material philosophizing was promised, though indeed immediately bur dened with the exceedingly questionable concept of value drawn from trade relations. Instruments needed no longer to be sharpened, but rather, as Hegel wished, should be tried out directly on matter.
It remains reified, a mere imitation modelled on societal categories and ultimately relations of production. This is so even when it credits itself with making scientific judgements about so-called issues of principle, such as the subject–object relation. Science reifies whenever it defines coagulated spiritual labour, knowledge unconscious of its societal mediations, as straightforward know ledge. Its demands and prohibtions express that completely. Hence every thematic is laid out on the scientific map before hand.
Expressed as a universal principle, mediacy, just as in Hegel, always amounts to spirit. If it turns into positivity, it becomes untrue. Mastering * [In English in the text. ] 25 such aporia is the perennial effort of epistemologies, though none will succeed. Every one of them stands under Anaximander’s curse, whose philosophy of being was one of the earliest but practically prophesied the coming destiny of them all. The metacritique of epistemology requires constructive reflection upon its structure as one of guilt and punishment (Schuld und Strafe), necessary error and futile correction.