Download A Companion to American Technology (Blackwell Companions to by Carroll Pursell PDF

April 11, 2017 | Technology | By admin | 0 Comments

By Carroll Pursell

A significant other to American know-how is a groundbreaking selection of unique essays that study the hard-to-define phenomenon of “technology” in the USA. 22 unique essays via specialist students hide crucial positive aspects of yank know-how, together with advancements in autos, tv, and computingAnalyzes the ways that applied sciences are equipped, reminiscent of within the engineering career, govt, drugs and agricultureIncludes discussions of ways applied sciences engage with race, gender, category, and different organizing buildings in American society

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Middle-Atlantic colonies had the greatest ethnic diversity – British, Dutch, and German with lesser additions of French, Swedes, Scots, and Irish – and profited from the selection of the most useful components of the technologies that each ethnic group brought to the New World. McGaw’s study of probate inventories shows that German farmers had many more tools for spreading dung on their fields, as well as grain fans and scythes with cradles, than did their British neighbors. German families used stoves for cooking and heating while British families stuck to their traditional, wasteful open fireplaces, and had much less interest in preserving the fertility of their land.

Thus, McGaw found that while everyone had candles, few households had candle molds. Weaving equipment was present in less than 5 percent of homes, and woodworking tools were typically specialized. Cultural, Regional, and Ethnic Differences Regional differences in technologies chosen by the early colonists of the southwest, South, middle colonies, and New England arose in part not only from the particular natural resources available, but also from the different cultures and values of the European settlers.

Bursting boilers, 42 of which killed 273 people between 1825 and 1830, resulted both from efforts to make speed and from deficiencies in boiler construction and poor maintenance. Following a severe explosion near Memphis, Tennessee in 1830 that killed almost 60, Congress authorized the federal government to give its first grant for scientific research to the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia to discover the cause of boiler explosions. In 1836, the Institute submitted a report calling for federal boiler inspectors; following another explosion killing 140 people in Charleston, it became law.

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